Dr. rer. nat. Dipl.-Phys.

Michael Günther


+49 711 685-68248

Nobelstraße 15
70569 Stuttgart
Room: 00.065


Reduced biomechanical modelling of
  • skeletal muscles
  • the three-segment leg
  • arthropod climbing
  • soft tissue dynamics (wobbling masses)

Neuro-musculo-skeletal modelling and simulation (forward dynamics) of human gait and stance

Experimental analysis of human running, jumping and stance

Inverse dynamics of locomotion and human stance

Scientific Education

  • 1997: Dr. rer. nat. doctorate (Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, pdf, ps.zip)
  • 1990: Diploma in Physics (University of Stuttgart)
  • 1983: Academic Studies in Physics (University of Stuttgart)

Professional Experience

  • 2010: Research Associate at the Locomotion Lab (formely Friedrich Schiller University Jena, now: Technical University Darmstadt) and Department of Sport and Exercise Science (University of Stuttgart)
  • 2004-2010: DFG-Projekt "Neuro-muscular control of human stance: experimental analysis, biomechanical modelling and computer synthesis" (Eberhard Karls University Tübingen and Friedrich Schiller University Jena)
  • 2004: Research Fellow at the Institute of Systematic Zoology and Evolutionary Biology (Friedrich Schiller University Jena)
  • 2003: Research Fellow in "fortüne" Forschungsförderung (Klinikum Eberhard Karls University Tübingen)
  • 2002: Research Fellow in DFG-Schwerpunktprogramm "Autonomes Laufen" (Eberhard Karls University Tübingen)
  • 1997-2001: Research Fellow in DFG-Schwerpunktprogramm "Autonomes Laufen" (Friedrich Schiller University Jena)
  • Günther, M., Haeufle, D.F.B., Schmitt, S. (2018): The basic mechanical structure of the skeletal muscle machinery: One model for linking microscopic and macroscopic scales. Journal of Theoretical Biology 456, 137-167 [ doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2018.07.023 ]

  • Rockenfeller, R., Günther, M. (2018): Inter-filament spacing mediates calcium binding to troponin: A simple geometric-mechanistic model explains the shift of force-length maxima with muscle activation. Journal of Theoretical Biology 454, 240-252 [ doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2018.06.009 ]

  • Suissa, D., Günther, M., Shapiro, A., Melzer, I., Schmitt, S. (2018): On laterally perturbed human stance: experiment, model, and control.  Applied Bionics and Biomechanics, 4767624 [ doi: 10.1155/2018/4767624 ]

  • Rockenfeller, R., Günther, M. (2018): Inter-filament spacing mediates calcium binding to troponin: A simple geometric-mechanistic model explains the shift of force-length maxima with muscle activation. Journal of Theoretical Biology 454, 240-252 [ doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2018.06.009 ]

  • Christensen, K. B., Günther, M., Schmitt, S., Siebert, T. (2017): Strain in shock-loaded skeletal muscle and the time scale of muscular wobbling mass dynamics.  Scientific Reports 7(1), 13266 [ doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-13630-7 ]

  • Rockenfeller, R., Günther, M. (2017): Hill equation and Hatze's muscle activation dynamics complement each other: enhanced pharmacological and physiological interpretability of modelled activity-pCa curves.  Journal of Theoretical Biology 431, 11-24 [ doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2017.07.023 ]

  • Bayer, A., Schmitt, S., Günther, M., Haeufle, D.F.B. (2017): The influence of biophysical muscle properties on simulating fast human arm movements. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 20(8), 803-821 [ doi: 10.1080/10255842.2017.1293663 ]
  • Rockenfeller, R., Günther, M. (2017): How to model a muscle's active force-length relation: A comparative study. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 313, 321-336 [ doi:10.1016/j.cma.2016.10.003 ]
  • Rockenfeller, R., Günther, M. (2016): Extracting low-velocity concentric and eccentric dynamic muscle properties from isometric contraction experiments. Mathematical Biosciences 278, 77-93 [ doi:10.1016/j.mbs.2016.06.005]
  • Günther, M., Wagner, H. (2016): Dynamics of quiet human stance: computer simulations of a triple inverted pendulum model. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 19(8), 819-834 [ doi:10.1080/10255842.2015.1067306]

  • Weihmann, T., Goetzke, H., Günther, M. (2015): Requirements and limits of anatomy-based predictions of locomotion in terrestrial arthropods with emphasis on arachnids. Journal of Paleontology 89(6), 980-990 [ doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.33]

  • Rockenfeller, R., Günther, M., Schmitt, S., Götz, T. (2015): Comparative sensitivity analysis of muscle activation dynamics. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine , Article ID 585409, 16 pages [ doi:10.1155/2015/585409]

  • Rupp, T.K., Ehlers, W., Karajan, N., Günther, M., Schmitt, S. (2015): A forward dynamics simulation of human lumbar spine flexion predicting the load sharing of intervertebral discs, ligaments, and muscles. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 14(5), 1081-1105 [ doi:10.1007/s10237-015-0656-2]

  • Haeufle, D.F.B. , Günther, M., Schmitt, S. (2015): Musculo-Skeletal Models as Tools to Quantify Embodiment. ECAL 2015, York, UK [ pdf ]

  • Siebert, T., Till, O., Stutzig, N., Günther, M., Blickhan, R. (2014): Muscle force depends on the amount of transversal muscle loading. Journal of Biomechanics 47(8), 1822-1828 [ doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.03.029]

  • Haeufle, D.F.B., Günther, M., Wunner, G., Schmitt, S. (2015): Quantifying control effort with information entropy: a new method applied to complex biological movement. DPG Fürhjahrstagung, Berlin, Germany

  • Rosenfeld, E.V., Günther, M. (2014): An enhanced model of cross-bridge operation with internal elasticity. European Biophysics Journal 43(4-5),131-141 [ doi:10.1007/s00249-014-0947-z]

  • Lipfert, S.W., Günther, M., Renjewski, D., Seyfarth, A. (2014): Impulsive ankle push-off powers leg swing in human walking. The Journal of Experimental Biology 217(8), 1218-1228 [ doi:10.1242/jeb.097345]

  • Haeufle, D.F.B, Günther, M., Bayer, A., Schmitt, S. (2014): Hill-type muscle model with serial damping and eccentric force-velocity relation. Journal of Biomechanics 47(6), 1531–1536 [ doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.02.009]

  • Haeufle, D.F.B., Günther, M., Wunner, G., Schmitt, S. (2014): Quantifying control effort of biological and technical movements: An information-entropy-based approach. Physical Review E 89(1), Article ID 012716 [ doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.89.012716, pdf]

  • Schmitt, S., Günther, M., Rupp, T., Bayer, A., Haeufle, D.F.B. (2013): Theoretical Hill-type muscle and stability: numerical model and application. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine , Article ID 570878, 7 pages [ doi:10.1155/2013/570878]

  • Schmitt, S., Günther, M., Rupp, T.K., Mörl, F., Bradl, I. (2013): Mehrkörpersimulation einer detaillierten Lendenwirbelsäule - ein Werkzeug für die Präventionsforschung? 19. Erfurter Tage, 55–62

  • Schmitt, S., Haeufle, D.F.B., Rupp, T., Günther, M. (2012): Hill-Type Muscles: From Virtual to Artificial Muscle. Proceedings of the 3rd GAMM Seminar on Continuums Biomechanics 2010, Nov 24-26, 39-51, Freudenstadt-Lauterbad, Germany

  • Mörl, F., Siebert, T., Schmitt, S., Blickhan, R., Günther, M. (2012): Electro-mechanical delay in Hill-type muscle models. Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology 12(5), 85-102 [ doi:10.1142/S0219519412500856]

  • Günther, M., Röhrle, O., Haeufle, D.F.B., Schmitt, S. (2012): Spreading out muscle mass within a Hill-type model: a computer simulation study. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine , Article ID 848630, 13 pages [ doi:10.1155/2012/848630]

  • Schmitt, S., Haeufle, D.F.B., Blickhan, R., Günther, M. (2012): Nature as an engineer: one simple concept of a bio-inspired functional artificial muscle. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics 7(3), Article ID 036022, 9 pages [ doi:10.1088/1748-3182/7/3/036022]

  • Haeufle, D.F.B., Günther, M., Blickhan, R., Schmitt, S. (2012): Can quick release experiments reveal the muscle structure? A bionic approach. Journal of Bionic Engineering 9(2), 211-223 [ doi:10.1016/S1672-6529(11)60115-7]

  • Weihmann, T., Günther, M., Blickhan, R. (2012): Hydraulic leg-extension is not necessarily the main drive in large spiders. The Journal of Experimental Biology 215(Pt 4), 578-583 [ doi:10.1242/jeb.054585 ]

  • Siebert, T., Günther, M., Blickhan, R. (2012): A 3D-geometric model for the deformation of a transversally loaded muscle. Journal of Theoretical Biology 298, 116-121 [ doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.01.009]

  • Haeufle, D.F.B., Günther, M., Blickhan, R., Schmitt, S. (2012): Proof-of-concept: model based bionic muscle with hyperbolic force-velocity relation. Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 9(3), 267-274 [ doi:10.3233/ABB-2011-0052]

  • Günther, M., Weihmann, T. (2012): Climbing in hexapods: A plain model for heavy slopes. Journal of Theoretical Biology 293, 82-86 [ doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.10.011]

  • Günther, M., Müller, O., Blickhan, R. (2012): What does head movement tell about the minimum number of mechanical degrees of freedom in quiet human stance? Archive of Applied Mechanics 82(3), 333-344 [ doi:10.1007/s00419-011-0559-3]

  • Lipfert, S.W., Günther, M., Renjewski, D., Grimmer, S., Seyfarth, A. (2012): A model-experiment comparison of system dynamics for human walking and running. Journal of Theoretical Biology 292, 11-17 [ doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.09.021]

  • Günther, M., Weihmann, T. (2011): The load distribution among three legs on the wall: model predictions for cockroaches. Archive of Applied Mechanics 81(9), 1269-1287 [ doi:10.1007/s00419-010-0485-9]

  • Haeufle, D.F.B., Günther, M., Blickhan, R., Schmitt, S. (2011): Proof of concept of an artificial muscle: Theoretical model, numerical model, and hardware experiment. IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics (ICORR), 1-6 [ doi:10.1109/ICORR.2011.5975336]

  • Günther, M., Putsche, P., Leistritz, L., Grimmer, S. (2011): Phase synchronisation of the three leg joints in quiet human stance. Gait & Posture 33(3), 412-417 [ doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2010.12.014]

  • Günther, M., Müller, O., Blickhan, R. (2011): Watching quiet human stance to shake off its straitjacket. Archive of Applied Mechanics 81(3), 283-302 [ doi:10.1007/s00419-010-0414-y]

  • Schmitt, S., Günther, M. (2011): Human leg impact: energy dissipation of wobbling masses. Archive of Applied Mechanics 81(7), 887-897 [ doi:10.1007/s00419-010-0458-z]

  • Günther, M., Schmitt, S. (2010): A macroscopic ansatz to deduce the Hill relation. Journal of Theoretical Biology 263(4), 407-418 [ doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.12.027]

  • Roth, R., Wank, V., Müller, O., Hochwald, H., Günther, M. (2010): A simple new device to examine human stance: the totter-slab. Biomedizinische Technik 55(1), 27-38 [ doi:10.1515/BMT.2010.004]

  • Günther, M., Grimmer, S., Siebert, T., Blickhan, R. (2009): All leg joints contribute to quiet human stance: a mechanical analysis. Journal of Biomechanics 42(16), 2739-2746 [ doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.08.014]

  • Lipfert, S., Günther, M., Seyfarth, A. (2009): Diverging times in movement analysis. Journal of Biomechanics 42(6), 786-788 [ doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.12.020]

  • Schmitt, S., Wank, V., Günther, M. (2008): Tendinous damping in Hill-typ muscle models: small but powerful. In: Recent Advances in Neuro-Robotics. Symposium: Sensorimotor Control , Freiburg, Germany

  • Grimmer, S., Ernst, M., Günther, M., Blickhan, R. (2008): Running on uneven ground: leg adjustment to vertical steps and self-stability. The Journal of Experimental Biology 211(Pt18), 2989-3000 [ doi:10.1242/jeb.014357 ]

  • Günther, M., Otto, D., Müller, O., Blickhan, R. (2008): Transverse pelvic rotation during quiet human stance. Gait & Posture 27(3), 361-367 [ doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2007.05.014]

  • Günther, M., Schmitt, S., Wank, V. (2007): High-frequency oscillations as a consequence of neglected serial damping in Hill-type muscle models. Biological Cybernetics 97(1), 63-79 [ doi:10.1007/s00422-007-0160-6]

  • Blickhan, R., Seyfarth, A., Geyer, H., Grimmer, S., Wagner, H., Günther, M. (2007): Intelligence by mechanics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A 365(1850), 199-220 [ doi:10.1098/rsta.2006.1911]

  • Keppler, V., Günther, M. (2006): Visualization and quantification of wobbling mass motion - a direct non-invasive method. Journal of Biomechanics 39(Suppl.1), 53 [ doi:10.1016/S0021-9290(06)83091-5]

  • Günther, M., Witte, H., Blickhan, R. (2005): Joint energy balances: the commitment to the synchronization of measuring systems. Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology 5(1), 139-149 [ doi:10.1142/S0219519405001345]

  • Günther, M., Keppler, V., Seyfarth, A., Blickhan, R. (2004): Human leg design: optimal axial alignment under constraints. Journal of Mathematical Biology 48(6), 623-646 [ doi:10.1007/s00285-004-0269-3]

  • Müller, O., Günther, M., Krauß, I., Horstmann, T. (2004): Physikalische Charakterisierung des Therapiegerätes Posturomed als Meßgerät - Vorstellung eines Verfahrens zur Quantifizierung des Balancevermögens. Biomedizinische Technik 49(3), 56-60 [ doi:10.1515/BMT.2004.011]

  • Günther, M., Ruder, H. (2003): Synthesis of two-dimensional human walking: a test of the λ-model. Biological Cybernetics 8(2), 89-106 [ doi:10.1007/s00422-003-0414-x]

  • Günther, M., Sholukha, V., Keßler, D., Wank, V., Blickhan, R. (2003): Dealing with skin motion and wobbling masses in inverse dynamics. Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology 3(3/4), 309-335 [ doi:10.1142/S0219519403000831]

  • Seyfarth, A., Geyer, H., Günther, M., Blickhan, R. (2002): A movement criterion for running. Journal of Biomechanics 35(5), 649-655 [ doi:10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00245-7]

  • Günther, M., Blickhan, R. (2002): Joint stiffness of the ankle and the knee in running. Journal of Biomechanics 35(11), 1459-1474 [ doi:10.1016/S0021-9290(02)00183-5]

  • Seyfarth, A., Günther, M., Blickhan, R. (2001): Stable operation of an elastic three-segment leg. Biological Cybernetics 84(5), 365-382 [ doi:10.1007/PL00007982]

  • since 2000: Society for Experimental Biology
  • since 1991: Member of the (former) AG Biomechanik at the Theoretical Astrophysics Section in Tübingen (TAT), Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen
  • since 1988: Track-and-field Coach (C-license)
  • 2008/2009: Application for a patent of an apparatus to generate the contractile characteristics of biological muscles in cooperation with Prof. Reinhard Blickhan (Friedrich Schiller University Jena) and Dr. Syn Schmitt
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