This image shows Leonardo Gizzi

Leonardo Gizzi


Head of the Neuromechanics Laboratory
University of Stuttgart
Institute for Modelling and Simulation of Biomechanical Systems


Pfaffenwaldring 4f
70569 Stuttgart
Room: 00.008

Office Hours

Please request an appointment via email


  • Neurophysiology, Motor Control
  • Pain, Neurorehabilitation
  • Exercise Science
  • Electromyography, Motion Analysis, Biomechanics
  • Gait Analysis, Rehabilitation, Brain Computer Interfaces
Peer-reviewed Publications:
  1. Klotz, T., Gizzi, L., & Röhrle, O. (2021). Investigating the spatial resolution of EMG and MMG based on a systemic  multi-scale model.
  2. Gizzi, L., Yavuz, U. S., Hillerkuss, D., Geri, T., Gneiting, E., Domeier, F., Schmitt, S., & Röhrle, O. (2021). Variations in Muscle Activity and Exerted Torque During Temporary Blood Flow Restriction in Healthy Individuals. 9.
  3. Gizzi, L., Vujaklija, I., Sartori, M., Röhrle, O., & Severini, G. (2021). Editorial: Somatosensory Integration in Human Movement: Perspectives for Neuromechanics, Modelling and Rehabilitation. 9.
  4. Klotz, T., Gizzi, L., Yavuz, U. S., & Röhrle, O. (2020). Modelling the electrical activity of skeletal muscle tissue using a multi-domain approach. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 19(1), 335--349.
  5. Taubert, N., Amand, J. S., Kumar, P., Gizzi, L., & Giese, M. A. (2020). Reactive Hand Movements from Arm Kinematics and EMG Signals Based on Hierarchical Gaussian Process Dynamical Models. International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, 127--140.
  6. Altan, E., Seide, S., Bayram, I., Gizzi, L., Ertan, H., & Röhrle, O. (2020). A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Longitudinal Effects of Unilateral Knee Extension Exercise on Muscle Strength. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 2.
  7. Geri, T., Gizzi, L., Di Marco, A., & Testa, M. (2019). Myofascial trigger points alter the modular control during the execution of a reaching task: a pilot study. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1--13.
  8. Crawford, R., Gizzi, L., Dieterich, A., Mhuiris, ?.N., & Falla, D. (2018). Age-related changes in trunk muscle activity and spinal and lower limb kinematics during gait. PLoS ONE, 13(11), Article 11.
  9. Ramasamy, E., Avci, O., Dorow, B., Chong, S.-Y., Gizzi, L., Steidle, G., Schick, F., & Röhrle, O. (2018). An efficient modelling-simulation-analysis workflow to investigate stump-socket interaction using patient-specific, three-dimensional, continuum-mechanical, finite element residual limb models. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 6(SEP), Article SEP.
  10. Gizzi, L., Röhrle, O., Petzke, F., & Falla, D. (2018). People with low back pain show reduced movement complexity during their most active daily tasks. European Journal of Pain (United Kingdom).
  11. Testa, M., Geri, T., Pitance, L., Lentz, P., Gizzi, L., Erlenwein, J., Petkze, F., & Falla, D. (2018). Alterations in jaw clenching force control in people with myogenic temporomandibular disorders. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 43, 111–117.
  12. Falla, D., Gizzi, L., Parsa, H., Dieterich, A., & Petzke, F. (2017). People with chronic neck pain walk with a stiffer spine. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 47(4), 268–277.
  13. Testa, M., Geri, T., Gizzi, L., & Falla, D. (2017). High-density EMG reveals novel evidence of altered masseter muscle activity during symmetrical and asymmetrical bilateral jaw clenching tasks in people with chronic nonspecific neck pain. Clinical Journal of Pain, 33(2), 148–159.
  14. Varotto, C., Sawacha, Z., Gizzi, L., Farina, D., & Sartori, M. (2017). Closed-loop EMG-informed model-based analysis of human musculoskeletal mechanics on rough terrains. IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, 364–368.
  15. Crawford, R. J., Gizzi, L., Mhuiris, ?.N., & Falla, D. (2016). Are regions of the lumbar multifidus differentially activated during walking at varied speed and inclination? Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 30, 177–183.
  16. Oliveira, A. S., Gizzi, L., Ketabi, S., Farina, D., & Kersting, U. G. (2016). Modular control of treadmill vs overground running. PLoS ONE, 11(4), Article 4.
  17. Felici, F., Bazzucchi, I., Sgrò, P., Quinzi, F., Conti, A., Aversa, A., Gizzi, L., Mezzullo, M., Romanelli, F., Pasquali, R., Lenzi, A., & Di Luigi, L. (2016). Acute severe male hypo-testosteronemia affects central motor command in humans. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 28, 184–192.
  18. Halvorsen, M., Falla, D., Gizzi, L., Harms-Ringdahl, K., Peolsson, A., & Dedering, ?. (2016). Short-and long-term effects of exercise on neck muscle function in cervical radiculopathy: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 48(8), 696–704.
  19. Gizzi, L., Muceli, S., Petzke, F., & Falla, D. (2015). Experimental muscle pain impairs the synergistic modular control of neck muscles. PLoS ONE, 10(9), Article 9.
  20. Iosa, M., Gìzzì, L., Tamburella, F., & Dominici, N. (2015). Editorial: Neuro-motor control and feed-forward models of locomotion in humans. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9(JUNE), Article JUNE.
  21. Vaisy, M., Gizzi, L., Petzke, F., Consmüller, T., Pfingsten, M., & Falla, D. (2015). Measurement of Lumbar Spine Functional Movement in Low Back Pain. Clinical Journal of Pain, 31(10), 876–885.
  22. Testa, M., Geri, T., Gizzi, L., Petzke, F., & Falla, D. (2015). Alterations in masticatory muscle activation in people with persistent neck pain despite the absence of orofacial pain or temporomandibular disorders. Journal of Oral and Facial Pain and Headache, 29(4), 340–348.
  23. Jiang, N., Gizzi, L., Mrachacz-Kersting, N., Dremstrup, K., & Farina, D. (2015). A brain-computer interface for single-trial detection of gait initiation from movement related cortical potentials. Clinical Neurophysiology, 126(1), 154–159.
  24. Rea, M., Rana, M., Lugato, N., Terekhin, P., Gizzi, L., Brötz, D., Fallgatter, A., Birbaumer, N., Sitaram, R., & Caria, A. (2014). Lower limb movement preparation in chronic stroke: A pilot study toward an fnirs-bci for gait rehabilitation. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 28(6), 564–575.
  25. Oliveira, A. S., Gizzi, L., Farina, D., & Kersting, U. G. (2014). Motor modules of human locomotion: Influence of EMG averaging, concatenation, and number of step cycles. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8(MAY), Article MAY.
  26. Dideriksen, J. L., Gizzi, L., Petzke, F., & Falla, D. (2014). Deterministic accessory spinal movement in functional tasks characterizes individuals with low back pain. Clinical Neurophysiology, 125(8), 1663–1668.
  27. Lluch, E., Schomacher, J., Gizzi, L., Petzke, F., Seegar, D., & Falla, D. (2014). Immediate effects of active cranio-cervical flexion exercise versus passive mobilisation of the upper cervical spine on pain and performance on the cranio-cervical flexion test. Manual Therapy, 19(1), 25–31.
  28. Falla, D., Gizzi, L., Tschapek, M., Erlenwein, J., & Petzke, F. (2014). Reduced task-induced variations in the distribution of activity across back muscle regions in individuals with low back pain. Pain, 155(5), 944–953.
  29. Sartori, M., Gizzi, L., Lloyd, D. G., & Farina, D. (2013). A musculoskeletal model of human locomotion driven by a low dimensional set of impulsive excitation primitives. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, JUN, Article JUN.
  30. Moreno, J. C., Barroso, F., Farina, D., Gizzi, L., Santos, C., Molinari, M., & Pons, J. L. (2013). Effects of robotic guidance on the coordination of locomotion. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 10(1), Article 1.
  31. Oliveira, A. S., Silva, P. B., Lund, M. E., Gizzi, L., Farina, D., & Kersting, U. G. (2013). Effects of Perturbations to Balance on Neuromechanics of Fast Changes in Direction during Locomotion. PLoS ONE, 8(3), Article 3.
  32. Sartori, M., Gizzi, L., & Farina, D. (2013). Musculoskeletal modeling of human locomotion based on low-dimensional impulsive activation signals: Perspectives for neurotechnologies. Biosystems and Biorobotics, 1, 1239–1242.
  33. Gizzi, L., Nielsen, J. F., Felici, F., Moreno, J. C., Pons, J. L., & Farina, D. (2012). Motor modules in robot-aided walking. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 9(1), Article 1.
  34. Farina, D., Negro, F., Gizzi, L., & Falla, D. (2012). Low-frequency oscillations of the neural drive to the muscle are increased with experimental muscle pain. Journal of Neurophysiology, 107(3), 958–965.
  35. Oliveira, A. S. C., Gizzi, L., Kersting, U. G., & Farina, D. (2012). Modular organization of balance control following perturbations during walking. Journal of Neurophysiology, 108(7), 1895–1906.
  36. Kilen, A., Gizzi, L., Jensen, B. R., Farina, D., & Nordsborg, N. B. (2012). Changes in human muscle oxygen saturation and mean fiber conduction velocity during intense dynamic exercise-effect of muscular training status. Muscle and Nerve, 46(5), 746–754.
  37. Gizzi, L., Nielsen, J. F., Felici, F., Ivanenko, Y. P., & Farina, D. (2011). Impulses of activation but not motor modules are preserved in the locomotion of subacute stroke patients. Journal of Neurophysiology, 106(1), 202–210.
  38. Oliveira, A. S., Gizzi, L., Farina, D., & Kersting, U. G. (2011). Gait modulation for the reactive recovery of balance. IFMBE Proceedings, 34 IFMBE, 271–274.
  39. Dewhurst, S., MacAluso, A., Gizzi, L., Felici, F., Farina, D., & De Vito, G. (2010). Effects of altered muscle temperature on neuromuscular properties in young and older women. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 108(3), 451–458.
  40. Masci, I., Vannozzi, G., Gizzi, L., Bellotti, P., & Felici, F. (2010). Neuromechanical evidence of improved neuromuscular control around knee joint in volleyball players. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 108(3), 443–450.
  41. Sbriccoli, P., Sacchetti, M., Felici, F., Gizzi, L., Lenti, M., Scotto, A., & De Vito, G. (2009). Non-invasive assessment of muscle fiber conduction velocity during an incremental maximal cycling test. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 19(6), Article 6.
  42. Gizzi, L., Lenti, M., Felici, F., & Filligoi, G. (2008). Muscle fibers conduction velocity in cycling: A cross correlation-based application for dynamic exercise. IET Conference Publications, 540 CP, Article 540 CP.

I serve as Senior Research Associate at the Institute for Modeling and Simulation of Biomechanical Systems (Chair in Continuum Biomechanics and Mechanobiology) and at the SimTech Cluster of Excellence “Data Integrated Simulation Science” at the University of Stuttgart. Here, I direct the Neuromechanics Laboratory and lead an experiment-oriented research group.

My research focuses on human movement, with a special emphasis on the relationship between sensory input and motor output. To do so, I combine classical neuromechanical recordings with multi-sensory perturbations and neuromusculoskeletal models.

I conducted my PhD (2007-2010) at the University of Rome “Foro Italico” (Italy). From 2008 to 2010 I have visited Aalborg University (Denmark). In 2011 I moved to Germany, where I joined Prof. Farina and Falla at UMG Göttingen (Institute for Neurorehabilitation Systems). At UMG I directed the Motor Physiology and Biomechanics Laboratory together with Prof. Sartori. In 2016 I moved Stuttgart (IMSB) to join the group of Prof. Röhrle.

I am Participating researcher for the SimTech Cluster of Excellence and I participate as coordinator or local PI in several national and international projects (e.g., BW Stiftung, EU H2020).

I currently act as Reviewer for 19 Journals (e.g., Int. J. Neural Systems, J. Neurophysiol.) and as Editor for 4 (Front. Human Neuroscience, Front. Bioengineering and Biotechnology, J. Electromyography and Kinesiology, Brain Sciences).

Keywords: neuromechanics, biomechanics, electromyography, human movement, somatosensory integration, neuromusculoskeletal models, pain, neurorehabilitation, exercise physiology.

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